Medical Brochure Category: Neurological Disorders

Parkinson’s Disease

A chronic (long-term), degenerative disorder of the brain, which is caused when an inadequate amount of dopamine is produced by the nerve cells.

Dopamine is a chemical that plays a role in controlling movement. Thus, when the nerve cells fail to produce enough of it, there is a subsequent loss of movement control.
It is most prevalent amongst the elderly and men, in particular, are more vulnerable. However, there are cases of earlier onset.
The pace of the progression and the degree of impairment vary from person to person.

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Multiple Sclerosis

A condition that affects the central nervous system, in other words the brain and spinal cord

Can also affect optic nerves in the eyes
It causes a disruption of the material, myelin, that wrap around the nerve fibres to insulate and protect them
This leads to communication problems between the brain and the rest of the body
It can occur at any age, but is most commonly found in individuals between the ages of 15 and 60
In some cases, symptoms are mild not requiring treatment. Other cases are more severe requiring ongoing treatment and support

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A man viewing the world through a bipolar disorder (BD) cutout


In essence, it is a severe lifelong mood disorder causing alternating episodes of “highs” [elevated mood or mania] and “lows” [depressed mood]. 1, 2

Furthermore, there are two types of Bipolar disorder. Bipolar 1 disorder affects men and women equally, while bipolar 2 is more common in women. 2

BIPOLAR 1 DISORDER: One or more episodes of mania with or without major depressive episodes.
BIPOLAR 2 DISORDER: One or more episodes of hypomania (less elevated mood) as well as at least one major depressive episode. It also presents with shorter bouts of depression than bipolar
Additionally, anxiety, substance use/dependence, and personality disorders are common to both.

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Young lady with messy hair as a symbol of anxiety disorder

Anxiety Disorder

A sufferer typically experiences the following:

Relentless and exaggerated anxiety in the absence of valid concerns, which can obviously be debilitating.
Is prone to always expect the worst.
Blows things out of proportion.
Grapples with all-consuming fear and dread to the point of it eventually interfering with their ability to live a normal life.

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Alzheimer’s Disease

A progressive neurological disorder that results in the deterioration of brain cells. It is said to be a common form of dementia. It disrupts the ability of someone to function independently due to the continuous decline in thinking, behavioural and social skills.

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