Medical Brochure Category: Mental Health

Ukudakumba

Ukudakumba okanye ukuphazamiseka okungamandla kokudakumba (MDD) ligama eli banzi elisetyenziselwa ukucacisa inani elikhulu lokuphazamiseka okubonakalisa isimo sokudakumba nokuphelelwa ngumdla kwimisebenzi eliqela yemihla ngemihla.1 Was this

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is commonly associated with, and was first ascribed to, war veterans suffering from ‘shell shock’ and ‘combat fatigue’. It is a serious and often debilitating medical condition that can occur in anyone who has experienced a traumatic event themselves or have witnessed or heard of a traumatic event involving someone they are close to.

Most people have experienced a terrifying or traumatic event at some point in their lives. Initially, they may have difficulty coping with the trauma but usually, with time, emotions related to the traumatic event tend to decrease. Gradually feeling better, they tend to get on with life.
However, some people struggle to escape the experience, remaining anxious and severely distressed for an extended period to the extent that it may impact their ability to function in everyday life. If this is the case, they may have a medical condition known as PTSD.

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a severe, complex and debilitating mental illness that affects many aspects of everyday functioning, including changes in how people function socially, intellectually and in their day-to-day, real-world activities where changes are often noticed before the first episode of illness. 

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Panic Attack

A panic attack is a sudden overwhelming wave of fear that results in severe physical and emotional reactions. These can range from difficulty breathing or chest pain that feels like a heart attack to feelings of unreality – like you are losing control or going crazy.
Peaking within minutes a panic attack usually lasts between 20 and 30 minutes, rarely more than an hour, and then subsides.

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – OCD

Have you ever heard someone casually refer to themselves as OCD because they like to do things in a precise and orderly way? ‘OCD’ is often misunderstood and the term is misused as a synonym for uptight, fussy, hard to please, overly neat, or too precise.

However, OCD is a serious anxiety disorder characterised by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and ritual behaviours that sufferers feel the need to repeat over and over (compulsions).
Unlike someone who is particular about personal hygiene or safety and security, a person with OCD may repeatedly wash their hands on a daily basis until they are raw. Likewise, they might spend so much time checking and rechecking if their front door is locked that they may be late for work regularly.

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Learning Difficulties

All children are challenged by school work now and again and some skills are harder to learn than others.1 But if your child has an ongoing issue in a particular area of learning, he or she could have a learning difficulty.

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Mental Fatigue

Cognition is a term used to describe our mental abilities and processes. Simply put, these are the brain-based skills such as thinking and reasoning we use to perform simple and complex tasks.
Your brain gets tired in much the same way that your body does. So, too much cognitive activity over an extended period of time can send your brain into overdrive. This can leave you feeling mentally exhausted, what people sometimes refer to as ‘burnout’. In addition to slowing down your productivity and overall ability to pay attention and focus, it could also lead to more serious health issues.

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