Medical Brochure Category: Cardiovascular Health

Blood Pressure

It refers to the force or pressure of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels, also known as arteries.

Normal Blood Pressure: 120(systolic) / 80(diastolic) mmHg
The first (or top) number is your systolic blood pressure. It is the highest level your blood pressure reaches when your heartbeats.
The second (or bottom) number is your diastolic blood pressure.  It is the lowest level your blood pressure reaches as your heart relaxes between beats.
Blood pressure is measured in millimetre Mercury.

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High Blood Pressure – Hypertension

High blood pressure is known as the ‘silent killer’ because there are usually no warning signs and no obvious symptoms. As a result, many people are unaware they have it and many people who are diagnosed often find it difficult to accept.

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Cholesterol

A fat molecule that is white, insoluble and waxy. Furthermore, it is essential for many metabolic processes.
There are different types of cholesterol. For instance:
HDL is the ‘good’ type
LDL is the ‘bad’ type

Triglyceride is another type of fat found in the blood and forms part of the lipid profile that can contribute to heart disease.

Eating foods rich in saturated fats will increase the amount of LDL in the body, which is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. In addition, high triglycerides may contribute to the hardening of arteries or the thickening of artery walls.

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