Medical Brochure Category: Anxiety & Depression

Ukudakumba

Ukudakumba okanye ukuphazamiseka okungamandla kokudakumba (MDD) ligama eli banzi elisetyenziselwa ukucacisa inani elikhulu lokuphazamiseka okubonakalisa isimo sokudakumba nokuphelelwa ngumdla kwimisebenzi eliqela yemihla ngemihla.1 Was this

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is commonly associated with, and was first ascribed to, war veterans suffering from ‘shell shock’ and ‘combat fatigue’. It is a serious and often debilitating medical condition that can occur in anyone who has experienced a traumatic event themselves or have witnessed or heard of a traumatic event involving someone they are close to.

Most people have experienced a terrifying or traumatic event at some point in their lives. Initially, they may have difficulty coping with the trauma but usually, with time, emotions related to the traumatic event tend to decrease. Gradually feeling better, they tend to get on with life.
However, some people struggle to escape the experience, remaining anxious and severely distressed for an extended period to the extent that it may impact their ability to function in everyday life. If this is the case, they may have a medical condition known as PTSD.

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a severe, complex and debilitating mental illness that affects many aspects of everyday functioning, including changes in how people function socially, intellectually and in their day-to-day, real-world activities where changes are often noticed before the first episode of illness. 

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Parkinson’s Disease

A chronic (long-term), degenerative disorder of the brain, which is caused when an inadequate amount of dopamine is produced by the nerve cells.

Dopamine is a chemical that plays a role in controlling movement. Thus, when the nerve cells fail to produce enough of it, there is a subsequent loss of movement control.
It is most prevalent amongst the elderly and men, in particular, are more vulnerable. However, there are cases of earlier onset.
The pace of the progression and the degree of impairment vary from person to person.

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Panic Attack

A panic attack is a sudden overwhelming wave of fear that results in severe physical and emotional reactions. These can range from difficulty breathing or chest pain that feels like a heart attack to feelings of unreality – like you are losing control or going crazy.
Peaking within minutes a panic attack usually lasts between 20 and 30 minutes, rarely more than an hour, and then subsides.

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – OCD

Have you ever heard someone casually refer to themselves as OCD because they like to do things in a precise and orderly way? ‘OCD’ is often misunderstood and the term is misused as a synonym for uptight, fussy, hard to please, overly neat, or too precise.

However, OCD is a serious anxiety disorder characterised by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and ritual behaviours that sufferers feel the need to repeat over and over (compulsions).
Unlike someone who is particular about personal hygiene or safety and security, a person with OCD may repeatedly wash their hands on a daily basis until they are raw. Likewise, they might spend so much time checking and rechecking if their front door is locked that they may be late for work regularly.

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Multiple Sclerosis

A condition that affects the central nervous system, in other words the brain and spinal cord

Can also affect optic nerves in the eyes
It causes a disruption of the material, myelin, that wrap around the nerve fibres to insulate and protect them
This leads to communication problems between the brain and the rest of the body
It can occur at any age, but is most commonly found in individuals between the ages of 15 and 60
In some cases, symptoms are mild not requiring treatment. Other cases are more severe requiring ongoing treatment and support

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