icd10: F31.3

A man viewing the world through a bipolar disorder (BD) cutout


In essence, it is a severe lifelong mood disorder causing alternating episodes of “highs” [elevated mood or mania] and “lows” [depressed mood]. 1, 2

Furthermore, there are two types of Bipolar disorder. Bipolar 1 disorder affects men and women equally, while bipolar 2 is more common in women. 2

BIPOLAR 1 DISORDER: One or more episodes of mania with or without major depressive episodes.
BIPOLAR 2 DISORDER: One or more episodes of hypomania (less elevated mood) as well as at least one major depressive episode. It also presents with shorter bouts of depression than bipolar
Additionally, anxiety, substance use/dependence, and personality disorders are common to both.

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