Blood Pressure

It refers to the force or pressure of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels, also known as arteries.

Normal Blood Pressure: 120(systolic) / 80(diastolic) mmHg
The first (or top) number is your systolic blood pressure. It is the highest level your blood pressure reaches when your heartbeats.
The second (or bottom) number is your diastolic blood pressure.  It is the lowest level your blood pressure reaches as your heart relaxes between beats.
Blood pressure is measured in millimetre Mercury.

Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

WHEN DO I HAVE HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE ALSO KNOWN AS HYPERTENSION?

Back to top
When systolic is > 140-160mmHg.
When diastolic is > than 85mmHg patient must change his/her lifestyle;
> 90 mmHg patient must get medicine;
> 95mmHg patient is not controlled on current medicine
>above 100mmHg patient will be referred to hospital (Hypertensive crisis).

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Back to top
  • Severe headache Nosebleeds
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Vision problems
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Buzzing in ears
  • Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears.

UNCONTROLLED HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAN LEAD TO:

Back to top
  • Heart attack or stroke.
  • Aneurysm.
  • Heart failure.
  • Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys.
  • Thickened narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes.
  • Metabolic syndrome.
  • Trouble with memory or understanding.

 

 

LIFESTYLE CHANGES

Back to top
  • Get active – start exercise – high repetition
  • Control cholesterol – Unprocessed food high in Omega, low in saturated fat?
  • Eat better – Less Salt
  • Lose weight – Maintain a healthy weight Quit smoking
  • Reduce stress
  • Control blood glucose
  • Monitor blood pressure on a regular basis



Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

For more health information

Click on the body area you want to know more about. Select a related health topic from the menu

Select a body area
Head
Chest
Abdomen
Pelvis
Legs
Feet
Mental Health
Skin
General
Infant Health
Restlessness and Teething in Babies
Restlessness and Teething in Babies
Although deemed as ‘normal’, teething may be accompanied by a fever, irritability, diarrhoea and poor sleep; amongst other things. Was this ....
Flu
Flu
There has been a steady increase in the number of flu cases reported recently. This is unusual because the flu season usually runs from March to ....
Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea
When is a runny tummy actually diarrhoea, and when to use an ....
Sinus
Sinus
Sinuses are spaces in the bones of your cheeks, your forehead and your ....