Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis characterised by an inflammation of the lining of the nasal cavity. This is due to the immune system being sensitised and then overreacts to irritants in the environment. This inflammation is typically characterised by a blocked nose, rhinorrhoea, sneezing and itching. It can be classified as intermittent (symptoms less than four days per week or less than four weeks) or persistent (symptoms more than four days per week or more than four weeks).

Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Back to top
  • Sneezing.
  • Conjunctivitis.
  • Dark circles under the eyes.
  • Dennie-morgan line or puffy eyelids.
  • Nasal crease and salute.
  • Long face syndrome: a disorder to which the face grows in an excessive amount in the vertical dimension.
  • Allergic shiners.
  • Itchy nostrils, palate or ears.
  • Nasal obstruction or congestion.
  • Rhinorrhoea or postnasal drip.

TREATMENT OPTIONS

Back to top
  • Intranasal corticosteroids: can be available over the counter.
  • Antihistamines.
  • Decongestants.
  • Nasal steroid sprays: takes several days to fully take effect.
  • Leukotriene pathway inhibitors.
  • Immunotherapy: can help achieve long term control.

COMPLICATIONS

Back to top
  • Otitis media with effusions.
  • Decreased quality of life.
  • Long face syndrome.
  • Sinusitis.

LIFESTYLE MODIFICATIONS

Back to top
  • Try to avoid triggers
  • Avoid using fans which can draw pollen, moulds or dust into the house
  • Wear sunglasses or normal glasses to protect your eyes from outdoor irritants
  • If you are working in your garden, wear a pollen mask and take appropriate prophylactic medication beforehand
  • Try to hang your clothes indoors instead of outdoors to dry to prevent outdoor irritants clinging onto the clothing, especially towels and sheets
  • Avoid rubbing your eyes when they are irritated
  • Wash your hands after touching pets and wash clothes after visiting homes of friends who have pets
  • Limit outdoor activities and keep windows and doors closed as much as possible during pollen seasons
  • Remove carpets from the bedroom
  • Try and keep the pets off furniture, out of your bedroom and try to have them washed weekly
  • To kill dust mites, wash bedding in hot water

TRIGGERS

Back to top
  • Outdoor irritants such as grass, pollen, trees, weeds, dust, etc.
  • Indoor allergens such as pet dander, pet hair, dust mites, mould, etc.
  • Cigarette smoke, strong perfumes, exhaust fumes.



Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

For more health information

Click on the body area you want to know more about. Select a related health topic from the menu

Select a body area
Head
Chest
Abdomen
Pelvis
Legs
Feet
Mental Health
Skin
General
Infant Health
Restlessness and Teething in Babies
Restlessness and Teething in Babies
Although deemed as ‘normal’, teething may be accompanied by a fever, irritability, diarrhoea and poor sleep; amongst other things. Was this ....
Flu
Flu
There has been a steady increase in the number of flu cases reported recently. This is unusual because the flu season usually runs from March to ....
Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea
When is a runny tummy actually diarrhoea, and when to use an ....
Sinus
Sinus
Sinuses are spaces in the bones of your cheeks, your forehead and your ....